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An Online Handwriting Recognition System For Turkish
Authors: Esra Vural, Hakan Erdoğan, Kemal Oflazer, Berrin Yanikoglu
Published in: Proceedings of SPIE, San Jose, USA
Publication year: 2005
Abstract: Despite recent developments in Tablet PC technology, there has not been any applications for recognizing handwritings
in Turkish. In this paper, we present an online handwritten text recognition system for Turkish, developed
using the Tablet PC interface. However, even though the system is developed for Turkish, the addressed
issues are common to online handwriting recognition systems in general.
Several dynamic features are extracted from the handwriting data for each recorded point and Hidden Markov
Models (HMM) are used to train letter and word models. We experimented with using various features and HMM
model topologies, and report on the effects of these experiments. We started with first and second derivatives
of the x and y coordinates and relative change in the pen pressure as initial features. We found that using two
more additional features, that is, number of neighboring points and relative heights of each point with respect to
the base-line improve the recognition rate. In addition, extracting features within strokes and using a skipping
state topology improve the system performance as well. The improved system performance is 94% in recognizing
handwritten words from a 1000-word lexicon.
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