Multi-stream Gaussian Mixture Model based Facial Feature Localization
K. Kumatani, H.K. Ekenel, H. Gao, R. Stiefelhagen, A. Ercil
This paper presents a new facial feature localization system which estimates positions of eyes, nose and mouth corners simultaneously. In contrast to conventional systems, we use the multi-stream Gaussian mixture model (GMM) framework in order to represent structural and appearance information of facial features. We construct a GMM for the region of each facial feature, where the principal component analysis is used to extract each facial feature. We also build a GMM which represents the structural information of a face, relative positions of facial features. Those models are combined based on the multi-stream framework. It can reduce the computation time to search region of interest (ROI). We demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm through experiments on the BioID Face Database.