Sparsity-driven Image Formation and Space-variant Focusing for SAR
Ozben Onhon, Müjdat Çetin
IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, Brussels, Belgium, September 2011
In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, the presence of moving targets in the scene causes phase errors in the SAR data and subsequently defocusing in the formed image. The defocusing caused by the moving targets exhibits spacevariant characteristics, i.e., the defocusing arises only in the parts of the image containing the moving targets, whereas the stationary background is not defocused. Considering that the reﬂectivity ﬁeld to be imaged usually admits sparse representation, we propose a sparsity-driven method for joint SAR imaging and removing the defocus caused by moving targets. The method is performed in a nonquadratic regularization based framework by solving an optimization problem, in which prior information about both the scene and phase errors are incorporated as constraints.