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Automated X-Ray Image Annotation: Single versus Ensemble of Support Vector Machines
Authors: Devrim Unay, Octavian Soldea, Sureyya Ozogur-Akyuz, Müjdat Çetin, Aytül Erçil
Published in: European Conference on Digital Libraries (ECDL), Cross-Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF) Workshop, Corfu, Greece, September-October 2009
Publication year: 2009
Abstract: Advances in the medical imaging technology has lead to an exponential growth in the number of digital images that needs to be acquired, analyzed, classified, stored and retrieved in medical centers. As a result, medical image classification and retrieval has recently gained high interest in the scientific community. Despite several attempts, such as the yearly-held ImageCLEF Medical Image Annotation Challenge, the proposed solutions are still far from being sufficiently accurate for real-life implementations.

In this paper we summarize the technical details of our experiments for the ImageCLEF 2009 medical image annotation challenge. We use a direct and two ensemble classification schemes that employ local binary patterns as image descriptors. The direct scheme employs a single SVM to automatically annotate X-ray images. The two proposed ensemble schemes divide the classification task into sub-problems. The first ensemble scheme exploits ensemble SVMs trained on IRMA sub-codes. The second learns from subgroups of data defined by frequency of classes. Our experiments show that ensemble annotation by training individual SVMs over each IRMA sub-code dominates its rivals in annotation accuracy with increased process time relative to the direct scheme.
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